Take your time with this information, as it is required knowledge for all forex traders. Don't even think about trading until you are comfortable with pip values and calculating profit and loss.

## What the heck is a Pip? What about a Pipette?

The unit of measurement to express the change in value between two currencies is called a "Pip". If EUR/USD moves from 1.2250 to 1.2251, that is ONE PIP. A pip is the last decimal place of a quotation, given that four decimal places are used for pairs without the Japanese yen. If a pair does include the Japanese yen, then the currency quote goes out two decimal places.**Very Important:**There are brokers that quote currency pairs beyond the standard "4 and 2" decimal places to "5 and 3" decimal places. They are quoting

**FRACTIONAL PIPS**, also called pipettes. For instance, if GBP/USD moves from 1.51542 to 1.51543, it moved

**ONE PIPETTE**.

As each currency has its own value, it is necessary to calculate the value of a pip for that particular currency. In the following examples, we will use quotes with 4 decimal places.

In currencies where the U.S. dollar is quoted first, the calculation would be as follows:

### USD/CHF at 1.5250

.0001 divided by exchange rate = pip value

.0001 / 1.5250 = 0.0000655

### USD/CAD at 1.4890

.0001 divided by exchange rate = pip value

.0001 / 1.4890 = 0.00006715

### USD/JPY at 119.80

Notice this currency pair only goes to two decimal places (most of the other currencies have four decimal places). In this case, 1 pip would be .01.

.01 divided by exchange rate = pip value

.01 / 119.80 = 0.0000834

**In the case where the U.S. dollar is not quoted first and we want to get the U.S. dollar value, we have to add one more step.**

### EUR/USD at 1.2200

.0001 divided by exchange rate = pip value

So .0001 / 1.2200 = EUR 0.00008196

BUT we need to get back to U.S. dollars so we add another calculation which is

EUR x Exchange rate

So 0.00008196 x 1.2200 = 0.00009999

When rounded up it would be 0.0001### GBP/USD at 1.7975

.0001 divided by exchange rate = pip value

So .0001 / 1.7975 = GBP 0.0000556

BUT we need to get back to U.S. dollars so we add another calculation which is

GBP x Exchange rate

So 0.0000556 x 1.7975 = 0.0000998

When rounded up it would be 0.0001

If your broker doesn't happen to do this, don't worry - you can use our Pip Value Calculator! Aren't we awesome?

In the next section, we will discuss how these seemingly insignificant amounts can add up.

#### Penulis : **KalOo** ~ Sebuah blog yang menyediakan berbagai macam informasi

**Pips and Pipettes**ini dipublish oleh

**KalOo**pada hari

**14 July 2011**. Semoga artikel ini dapat bermanfaat.Terimakasih atas kunjungan Anda silahkan tinggalkan komentar.sudah ada

**9 komentar:**di postingan

**Pips and Pipettes**

Thanks for the info!

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